Battery Design

Software for Battery Design and Simulation


·       Stanford Energy’s StorageX Initiative is offering webex lectures.  See


·       Battery Modeling Webinar Series, see

  • Battery Design Studio(R) Training Courses - Learn how to design lithium-ion batteries using Battery Design Studio(R) software. Visit SIEMENS for information



·  Free Newsletter: Shmuel De-Leon Batteries, Fuel Cells & EV Industry Weekly Newsletter, email for a free subscription.


Publications/Presentations of Battery Design

(right click on "download PDF" in order to retrieve presentations)

·       “Lithium-Ion Cell Design”, AABC-E, January 13, 2020

·       “Battery Modeling and Design”, Stanford University, EE/CEE 292X, October 2019.

·       “Modeling Lithium Ion Batteries” Battery Management Deep Dive Technical Training, Texas Instruments. Dallas, TX, Oct 15, 2019

·       “Design of Safe Lithium-Ion Batteries for Battery Electric Vehicles” Automotive Battery Safety Conference, June 2019, Ningbo

·       “Battery Design Studio”, REALIZE Live 2019, Chengdu.

·       “Lithium Ion Cell Design”, International Battery Seminar 2019, Ft. Lauderdale, FL

·       “Lithium Ion Cell Design”, AABC Europe 2019, Strausbourg

·       “Lithium Ion Cell Design”, Battery Safety 2018, Arlington, VA.

·       “Lithium Ion Cell Design”, AABC 2018, San Diego.

·       “Understanding Impedance of Li-Ion Batteries with Battery Design Studio” Japan STAR Conference, July 2017, Yokohama

·       “Cell Design Optimization for Fast Charging by Simulation with Battery Design Studio and HEEDS”, North American Vehicle Simulation Symposium, April 2017, Detroit.

·        “Rate-Limiting Steps in Porous Electrodes for Li-Ion Cells” LLIBTA, Detroit, MI June 2016.

·        “Optimization of Lithium-Ion Cells”, STAR Users Conference Japan, Yokohama, June 2016.

·        “Engineering Approaches to Lithium-Ion Battery Design”, ECS San Diego, CA, June 2016

·        "Simulation Studies of Multilayer Electrode Coatings", Electrochemical Society, October 13, 2015, Phoenix, AZ

·        "Multilayer Electrode Coatings", Large Lithium-Ion Battery Technology and Application, June 2015, Detroit, Michigan

·        "Simulation in Cell and Battery Design" Large Lithium Ion Battery Technology and Applications, January 2015, Mainz, Germany

·        "Simulation of Composition Effects on Lithium-Ion Cell Performance" 2014 Electrochemistry Workshop, Monterey, CA

·        "Simulation of Electrolyte Composition Effects on High Energy Lithium-Ion Cells”, R. Spotnitz, K. Gering, S. Hartridge, and G. Damblanc, ECS Trans. 2014 58(13): 25-36; doi:10.1149/05813.0025ecst

·        “Three-dimensional electrochemical Li-ion battery modelling featuring a focused ion-beam/scanning electron microscopy based three-phase reconstruction of a LiCoO2 cathode” T. Hutzenlaub, S. Thiele, N. Paust, R. Spotnitz, R. Zengerle, C. Walchshofer, Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 115 (2014) pp. 131-139.

  • "Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Basics", R. Spotnitz, CEP Magazine, October 2013.
  • “Design and Simulation of Spirally-Wound, Lithium-Ion Cells Lithium-Ion Batteries: Modeling”, R. Spotnitz, S. Hartridge, G. Damblanc, G. Yeduvaka, D. Schad, V. Gudimetla, J. Votteler, G. Poole, C. Lueth, C. Walchshofer, and E. Oxenham ECS Trans. 2013 50(26): 209-218.
  • "Simulation of Abuse Behavior of Lithium-Ion Batteries", Interface, Summer 2012.
  • "An Overview of Battery Simulation", STAR Global Conference 2012, March 19-21, 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • "Developing Batteries with Battery Design Studio(R)", AABC11, Pasadena, CA
  • "Computer Aided Engineering of Batteries for Automotive Systems," SAE International Vehicle Battery Summit, September 3, 2010, Shanghai
  • "Advanced Thermal Modeling of Batteries", IMLB 2010 Montreal Canada
  • "Superior High Energy Density and High Rate Lithium-Ion Battery for Army Applications", 44th Power Sources Conference, June 2010, Las Vegas, Nevada
  • "Battery Engineering: Progress and Opportunities", Energy Storage Beyond Lithium Ion: Computational Perspectives May 3, 2010, Argonne National Laboratory
  • "Modeling of Battery Systems and Installations for Automotive Applications", Lithium Mobile Power 2009, Boston, MA November 12, 2009
  • "Macrohomogeneous Modeling of Commercial, Primary, Li/MnO2 Coin Cells", 215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA May 27, 2009
  • "The Argument for Battery Engineering", 215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA May 27, 2009
  • "Overview of the Life of Li-Ion Batteries", in the Proceedings of the The 3rd Annual Large Lithium Ion Battery Technology and Applications Conference, May 2008, Tampa, Fl.  download PDF
  • "Theoretical evaluation of high-energy lithium metal phosphate cathode materials in Li-ion batteries", J. Power Sources, 165 (2007) 887-891.
  • "Simulation of abuse tolerance of lithium-ion battery packs", J. Power Sources, 163 (2007) 1080-1086.
  • "How to design battery packs", 42nd Power Sources Conference, Philadelphia, PA, 15Jun2006.  download PDF
  • "Mechanisms for Impedance Rise in Lithium-Ion Cells", in the Proceedings of the The 2nd Annual Large Lithium Ion Battery Technology and Applications Conference, May 2006, Baltimore, Md. download PDF
  • "Battery Modeling", Interface, Vol. 14, No. 4 Winter 2005.
  • Advanced EV and HEV Batteries", 2005 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion (VPP) Conference, September 7-9, 2005, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois
  • "Simulation of the Temperature Dependence of Li-Ion Cell Performance", 2004 Joint International Meeting, 206th Meeting of ECS, 2004 Fall Meeting of ECS, Honolulu, HI Oct 3-8, 2004.
  • "How to Charge Lithium-Ion Batteries: An Assessment of Approaches Using Computer Simulation", Proc. of Advances in Battery Charging, Monitoring, and Testing, Denver, Colorado, August 18, 2004. 
  • "Battery Design Studio", 21st International Battery Seminar and Exhibit, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, March 8-11, 2004. 
  • “Abuse Behavior of High-Power, Lithium-Ion Cells”, J. Power Sources 113:1:81-100 (2003).
  • “Simulation of Capacity Fade in Lithium-Ion Batteries”, J. Power Sources 113:1:72-80 (2003).
  • "Abuse Behavior of High-Power, Lithium-Ion Cells", IMLB 11, Monterey, CA June 23-28, 2002.  
  • "Simulation of Capacity Fade in Lithium Ion Batteries", IMLB 11, Monterey, CA June 23-28, 2002.  
  • "Scale-Up of Lithium-Ion Cells and Batteries", in Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries Edited by W. van Schalkwijk and B. Scrosati, Plenum Press (2002).
  • "Simulation of Capacity Fading in Lithium Ion Batteries for Life Prediction", in the Proceedings of the The First Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference, February 2001, Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • "Optimal Design of Lithium Ion Cells", The 198th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Phoenix AZ, 22-27Oct2000.
  • "AC Impedance Simulation for Li-Ion Cells", The 15th Annual Battery Conference, Long Beach CA, 12Jan2000.
  • "NL3BO a Framework for Electrochemical Systems", proceedings volume from the 1999 Electrochemical Society Meeting in Seattle.
  • "Literate Programming," Computers and Chemical Engineering , Vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 1745-1747, 1998.
  • "Literate Programming for Mathematical Modeling of Battery Systems", proceedings volume from the 1998 Electrochemical Society Meeting in San Diego.